Periodontics is a specialty branch of dentistry that includes the gums, hard and soft tissues, and the structures that surround and support your teeth, such as the periodontal ligament.
The main function of the gingival tissues is to hold the teeth in position within the bone, but also to act as a buffer that prevents damage to the teeth when they receive excessive force during chewing. Tissues and teeth move and work together to protect themselves while chewing.
What is Periodontal Disease?
It is an inflammatory condition that affects the soft and hard tissues surrounding the gums and teeth. Untreated gum disease can cause teeth to loosen and even fall out.
The healthy gingiva is slightly rough like an orange peel, its border with the tooth is in a smooth line and has a pink appearance. Healthy gums do not bleed when brushing or eating. Periodontal diseases begin with gingivitis.
In gingivitis, only the gums are affected. During this period, the gums were bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. When gingivitis is treated, the inflammation in the gums disappears and healing is observed.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. Although the main cause of periodontal diseases is bacterial plaque, other factors such as smoking, systemic diseases, medications, stress and nutrition can also affect gum health.
How Are Gum Diseases Treated?
With the appropriate advice and treatment given by our dentists, it is usually possible to completely stop the progression of periodontitis. It is necessary to eliminate the bacterial plaque that accelerates the process and to establish correct oral hygiene habits. The first stage of periodontal treatment is to give detailed information to the patient about the subject and to explain the application of oral hygiene instructions.
In the first process, it is very important to make sure that the patient adequately complies with the hygiene. On the other hand, the periodontist will perform hygienic procedures to remove stone and bacterial plaque from areas inaccessible to the patient. In some cases, if the infection in the tissues persists and the patient does not respond to hygienic measures, antibiotic therapy can be administered.